Vaccination against Chicken pox
Thanks to immunization with the vaccine, called Varivax, immunity against chicken pox is developed. Chicken pox is a childhood disease, which in adults can be severe enough.
Who should be vaccinated?
Adults who still do not have immunity against chickenpox virus are vaccinated with two doses of the vaccine with a time interval between doses of at least 4 weeks.
Vaccination is recommended for women who do not have immunity and have recently given birth.
Pregnant women and people with a weakened immune system should not be vaccinated against varicella.
Veterinary pox is a widespread contagious disease, the causative agent of which is the herpes virus. Varicella – the most contagious for the first time 2-3 days before the appearance of crusts on pustules.
Varicella is more common in children and, as a rule, does not take place in the severe form. In adolescents, adults, pregnant women and people with a weakened immune system, chicken pox can occur in a more severe form. The incubation period from the moment of contact until the onset of symptoms usually lasts 14-16 days, but it can be 10-21 days. Symptoms of chickenpox: fever, painful condition, the appearance of an itchy rash all over the body, the pustules filled with fluid form over time from the rash. A few days later the pustules burst and crust. Approximately about a week new pustules can form. A person infected with chickenpox can spread the virus among people even before the onset of symptoms.
The treatment of chickenpox focuses on preventing the comb rash and on the removal of symptoms, such as high fever and relief of discomfort. Vaccination against varicella is available and recommended for children, adolescents and adults who have not had chicken pox.
Vaccination against hepatitis A
Vaccination provides the formation of immunity against hepatitis A.
Who should be vaccinated?
Adults who are going to travel to certain countries, for example, countries in Central or South America, are vaccinated in two doses with a time interval between doses of at least 6 months.
Hepatitis A vaccination should also be given to adults who are at risk due to long-term (chronic) diseases, such as chronic liver disease.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver, caused by the hepatitis A virus. Symptoms of hepatitis A: vomiting, diarrhea and yellowing of the eyes. Infection, as a rule, passes by itself without treatment and does not cause long (chronic) diseases. In very rare cases, hepatitis A can lead to hepatic insufficiency with a threat to life.
Hepatitis A is transmitted through food and water contaminated with feces containing the virus. In rare cases, the virus can be infected by contact with infected blood or blood products.
You can get Hepatitis A only once. After the disease, life-long immunity against the virus is formed and relapse does not occur. To prevent the disease can be through vaccination against hepatitis A. Treatment of hepatitis A as such does not exist. The patient should rest as much as possible, stick to the diet and avoid alcohol.